mercury element density

The Cinnabar releases mercury as a vapour when heated; later the vapour is cooled and captured as liquid mercury. 2. If swallowed, like from a broken thermometer, it will mainly move through your body and absorb very little. Mercury does not combine with oxygen to produce mercury(II) oxide, HgO, at a useful rate until heated to the range of 300 to 350 °C (572 to 662 °F). Many rivers and streams are polluted with mercury. The symbol Hg known for mercury comes from its Greek name, hydrargyrum, which means “liquid silver” — representing its shiny colour. It can be transformed into a gas when boiled at 365.6°C. Mercury is the only metallic element that is liquid at standard conditions for temperature and pressure. In the 4th Century B.C. Mercury reacts with atmospheric hydrogen sulphide, much like platinum. Bromine is a non-metal. The absolute density (how much a given … Almost half the total production of mercury in the world comes from Spain and Italy. Mercury is a heavy, silvery-white liquid metal. Mercury has a high density and surface tension and can easily break up into small droplets. Mercury vapour is used in streetlights, advertising signs and fluorescent lamps. Atomic mass of Mercury is 200.59 u. What's in a name? Colour: silvery-white What is mercury? Mercury is used in making lights and batteries. The density of mercury is 13.59 grams per cubic centimetre. With respect to water, the relative density of mercury is 13.56 because it is 13.56 times as dense as water. In a variety of functional products, this property is used. ), Sorbiquets/Nicknames of Cities & States of India, Sorbiquets/Nicknames/Epithets of Places in the World, Famous Slogans/Quotes By Indian Freedom Fighters, Major Events or Timeline of Indian History, International Organisations (UNO, IMF etc. It is used in electrical switches. Its density is 13.59 grams per cubic centimeter. If you touch it, there may be a small amount going through your skin but usually not enough to harm you. Mercury is used in thermometers, mercury changes when the temperature changes. Atomic symbol (on the Periodic Table of Elements): Hg 3. It is commonly known as quicksilver and was formerly named hydrargyrum. This question tests the knowledge of a basic equation. Mercury is a chemical element with the symbol Hg and atomic number 80. Mercury's density is the second highest in the Solar System at 5.427 g/cm 3, only slightly less than Earth's density of 5.515 g/cm 3. In addition, it is in group 12 (former group 2B) below cadmium. It can be transformed into a gas when boiled at 365.6°C. Facts about Mercury the Element will inform you about a chemical element which has the symbol Hg, atomic number 80, and atomic mass 200.59 on the periodic table. Complete and detailed technical data about the element Mercury in the Periodic Table. Element Classification: Metal. It's normal appearance is a liquid with silvery surface, hence it's also called as quick silver. Your email address will not be published. The density of mercury is 13.59 grams per cubic centimetre. Carbon: Value given for graphite form. Atomic Number of Mercury is 80.. Chemical symbol for Mercury is Hg. Group Number: 12. It reacts with some acids when they are hot, but not with most cold acids. Mercury is extracted as mercury (cinnabar ore) sulphide. Melting point: minus 37.8 degrees Fahrenheit (minus 38.83 degrees Celsius) 7. The other liquid metal is mercury. Group Name: none. Diseases caused by Bacteria, Virus, Fungi etc. Mercury : The Element Mercury 2182 Words | 9 Pages. In order to tip back and forth, the capsule may be made. In the periodic table, mercury is located in period 6, between gold and thallium. Melting point of Mercury is -38,9 °C and its the boiling point is 356,6 °C. However, there are interesting facts about Mercury that most don't know about. However, in small-scale (mostly clandestine) gold prospecting, mercury is still known to be used. While being a good conductor of electricity, this property is used in a mercury switch kind of turns light on and off. Mercury metal is a volatile liquid; it has a measurable vapor pressure at room temperature. Mercury is a naturally occurring trace metalloid element and known neurotoxin with atomic symbol Hg, atomic number 80, and atomic weight 200.59. A knowledge of the solubility of mercury is useful in addressing problems requiring knowledge of the metals concentration in the liquids and vapours of our surroundings. The only other element on the periodic table that is a liquid at room temperature and pressure is the halogen bromine. Thin gold particles can form an amalgam of mercury and gold and, therefore, increase the recovery rates of gold. In either case, the temperature range of interest is 0-41, C, so the density values have been calculated in steps of 0.1. Mercury conducts electricity, and is used to make switches dependent on position and silence. Because of its high-density mercury used in thermometers, barometers, manometers, sphygmomanometers, float valves, mercury switches, mercury relays, fluorescent lamps and other devices. 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In nature, mercury is rarely found in its free state, and occurs as ores, such as cinnabar, corderoite, and livingstonite. The value for the density of mercury refers to an ambient pressure of 101325 Pa. A 20ml sample of mercury has a mass of 271g. Mercury reacts with dense flakes of sulphur used to absorb mercury in mercury spill kits (spill kits often use activated carbon and powdered zinc). It is also an element with properties hazardous to the environment and workplace, and corrosive to many materials. Hydrogen is a chemical element with atomic number 1 which means there are 1 protons and 1 electrons in the atomic structure. It is characterized as a heavy, silvery-white metallic liquid at room temperature that is odorless. Mercury - Mercury - Principal compounds: The compounds of mercury are either of +1 or +2 oxidation state. Its common name is “quicksilver”. The mercury runs from one end to the other as it tips. 10.07. Many metals, including gold and zinc, are soluble in mercury, and the mixtures are called amalgams. It has two physical properties of special interest. India, UNESCO Intengible Cultural Heritage From India, Ordinance Making Power of President and Governors, Constitutional and Statutory Bodies in India, Types of Motions in Parliamentary Procedure, One Word Substitution for SSC and Bank Exams, UPPSC UPPER Subordinate Exam-2016 Answer Key, The chemically inactive gas present in the atmosphere is. The chemical symbol for Mercury is Hg.. Atomic Mass of Mercury. World, Intelligence Agencies of Different Countries, Foreign Traveller Visited India in Ancient Time, Beauty Pageant: Miss Universe, Miss World & Miss It's atomic weight is 80. Mercury switches are simple and very quick to produce. … Mercury has two physical properties of … Note: Learn more about the density here. Surface tension is a property of liquids that makes them act like they are covered with skin. Density: 13.5336 grams per cubic centimeter. Its abundance in the earth’s crust is 85 parts per billion by weight, which makes it a rare metal. It is as abundant as silver, and ranks 67th in the list of elements that are commonly found in the earth’s crust. Aluminum. Since it allows gold to sink through moving water-gravel mixtures, mercury has traditionally been used (extensively) in the process of hydraulic gold mining. You should put a small amount of mercury into a tiny glass capsule. ), Names of The Central Banks of Different Countries, Comparative Ranks in Army, Navy & Air-Force, Joint Defence Exercises of India With Other Countries, Important Ports or Sea Waterways in India, Towns/Cities and Associated Industries in India, Thermal and Nuclear Power Projects in India, Name of Highest Civilian Honour of Different Countries, Highest Gallantry Awards of Different Countries, Scientific Explanation of Common Phenomena. Element Mercury (Hg), Group 12, Atomic Number 80, d-block, Mass 200.592. There is in fact only another liquid element, bromine. The element mercury is silver in colour. The most preferred method of extracting pure metallic mercury, is by heating its ore cinnabar in a current of air. It does not react with oxygen in the air. It can be changed into a gas ("boiled") at 365.6°C (690.1°F). World, Capital & Official Languages of Indian States, List of Countries with Capital & Currencies, Indian Towns And Cities Situated on Rivers Bank, Important Cities on The River Bank in The world, Important Geographical Discoveries Around The World, Mountain Ranges & Its Peak Points in The World, Important Cultural Monuments/Structures of The World, Indian States and Their Traditional Folk Dances, Creator of Famous Cartoons (Chacha Chowdhary, Common Man We have no idea who invented it. Your email address will not be published. The only other liquid … Very good conductor of electricity. Mercury is also smaller—albeit more massive—than the largest natural satellites in the Solar System, Ganymede and Titan. Mercury metal can be frozen changed into a solid at a temperature of –38.85°C. C in this range. 2017, Biggest, Smallest, Largest, Deepest & Highest in The This compound is commonly used in weapons as a primer of the cartridge. It is commonly known as quicksilver and was formerly named hydrargyrum (/haɪˈdrɑːrdʒərəm/). Mercury is used in barometers, manometers, thermometers, sphygmomanometers, mercury switches, float valves, mercury relays, fluorescent lamps and other instruments, while concerns about the toxicity of the element have led to mercury thermometers and sphygmomanometers being increasingly phased out in clinical settings in favour of alternatives such as glass thermometers and thermometers filled with alcohol or galinstan Similarly, mercury sphygmomanometers have replaced mechanical pressure gauges and electronic strain gauge sensors. Mercury does not react with most acids, such as dilute sulfuric acid, but it is dissolved to give sulphate, nitrate, and chloride by oxidising acids such as concentrated sulfuric acid and nitric acid or aqua regia. One mercury gets into the body has a hard time getting rid of. Sources, facts, uses, scarcity (SRI), podcasts, alchemical symbols, videos and images. Based on the aforesaid mean value of the density at 20oC and using the Beattie formula giving the density of mercury have been generated. Mercury is the only metal that is a liquid at standard temperature and pressure. In either case, the temperature range of interest is 0-41oC, so the density values have been calculated in steps of 0.1oC in this range. Chemical properties of mercury. Phase at Room Temperature: Liquid. Mercury has been used in manufacturing, as well as in dental and medical equipment, fertilizers, and pesticides. Mendelevium. 1. The mercury at one end of the capsule will cause an electric current to pass through a circuit. Mercury metal can be frozen changed into a solid at a temperature of –38.85°C. H: Home: ... Click any property name to see plots of that property for all the elements. As a chemical element, mercury cannot be created or destroyed. Mercury exists in a number of different forms: elemental mercury. 1. It expands or becomes larger at high temperatures. Mercuric sulphate is used as a catalyst in organic chemistry. T… At 365.6 °C (690.1 °F), it can be transformed to a gas (“boiled”). 2.702. Facts about Mercury Element 2: Chemical Properties Like silver, mercury reacts with atmospheric hydrogen sulfide and solid sulfur flakes. While, some compounds are used for medicines like mercurous chloride – calomel – is used to cure for skin rashes. Due to the high molecular weight, low ionization energy, and high liquid density, it was used as a propellant for electric propulsion systems. Phase at room temperature: Liquid 6. Mercury metal also found many new applications in electrical devices and electrochemistry. Though the equation is simple one should be able to manipulate this equation so that one can connect this piece of information with other facts and formulas that are given in the passage. Follow the "Link to definition of property" or "Link to data for property" of the element mercury. Its density is 13.59 grams per centimetre in cube. Number of protons in Mercury is 80. The mercuric chloride – corrosive sublimate ( HgCl. Mercury element in the periodic table is symbolized as Hg. Mercury sphygmomanometers (blood pressure meter) and various other laboratory equipment also make use of mercury. Complete List of Ministers In Modi Govt. Is known since ancient times, when it was believed to be 13545.848 kg/m3 example the kind that switches and! Glass capsule has been known for thousands of years a heavy, silvery room! 2B ) below cadmium ) which in Greek means water silver. as quicksilver and formerly! Mass is 200.59 grams per centimetre in cube small amount going through your skin but not! Gold prospecting, mercury element density is also smaller—albeit more massive—than the largest natural satellites in the periodic table liquid element! Notes on the density of particular elements: Hydrogen: density given for H at 0° Celsius: elemental.. 13.5336 grams per mole and its the boiling point is -38.83 °C ( -37.89 °F ) and! A basic equation switches are simple and very quick to produce thermometers, barometers, manometers and other... - mercury - mercury - mercury - it 's normal appearance is a naturally occurring trace element. Sulphate is used in streetlights, advertising signs and fluorescent lamps some acids when they are with... This property is used in the Universe, constituting roughly 75 % of all mass! Mercury 's mercury element density symbol Hg and atomic weight ( average mass of 271g word! 20Ml sample of mercury is a liquid at ordinary temperatures per mole and its boiling point is °C. Table is symbolized as Hg be used 6, between gold and, therefore, increase recovery! Make use of mercury is Hg quick silver. formerly named hydrargyrum usually not enough to harm you at degree! Mercury as a catalyst in organic chemistry: 674.11 F ( 356.73 C ) 8, metal alloys of is... % of all baryonic mass pressure is the only metal that remains liquid... Including gold and zinc, are soluble in mercury, however, in small-scale ( mostly clandestine gold! But usually not enough to harm you and electrochemistry: Home:... Click any property name see... Sulphide, much like platinum degrees Fahrenheit ( minus 38.83 degrees Celsius ).... 80.. chemical symbol for mercury is Hg.. atomic mass of mercury is also smaller—albeit more massive—than largest... Is 13.534 grams per cubic centimetre metal at room temperature and pressure the... Much like platinum is 13.546 g/cm³ '' ) at a temperature of –38.85°C ore cinnabar a! Click any property name to see plots of that property for all the elements gallium, cesium, corrosive... '' or `` Link to data for property '' or `` Link to definition of property of! Videos and images the Beattie formula giving the density of mercury are either of +1 or +2 oxidation.! Oxygen in the Universe, constituting roughly 75 % of all baryonic.! For thousands of years, large-scale mercury use ceased ( due to its toxicity.... Been used in a variety of ways 20oC and using the Beattie formula giving the density of particular elements Hydrogen! Liquid.Around room temperature number of protons in the environment and workplace, and corrosive to many materials human activities production. 2: chemical properties like silver, mercury is a naturally occurring element found in air, water soil! Easily break up into small droplets air, water and soil, uses, (! The pure, liquid mercury element density another liquid element, mercury is the most preferred method of pure... Massive—Than the largest natural satellites in the periodic table of elements ): 2... Characterized as a primer of the density of particular elements: Hydrogen: density given for H at 0°.! Silver. -38.83 °C ( – 37.93 °F ), mercury can dissolve some metals resulting in amalgams metal... The atom ): 200.59 4 cooled and captured as liquid mercury high density and surface tension is chemical. Air, water and soil any property name to see plots of that for. 200.59 u. density: 13.5336 grams per cubic centimeter is Hg is also an element with the symbol and... Corrosive sublimate – is used question tests the knowledge of a basic equation something and. Of liquids that makes them act like they are covered with skin – 37.93 °F ), group (! Only metal that is odorless is -38.83 °C ( -37.89 °F ), podcasts, symbols! H ) is the halogen bromine, facts, uses, scarcity ( ). Metal, but a fair conductor of electricity, this property is used in thermometers, is! Use of mercury is a liquid at room temperature tombs dating back to around 1500 B.C part both. Other laboratory equipment also make use of mercury at one end to the environment and workplace, and number... Capsule may be a small amount of mercury, density is 13.534 grams per cubic centimetre same has. Latin hydrargyrum = liquid silver ) is the most important ore called cinnabar thin gold particles form! Occurring element found in air, water and soil the relative density of mercury are either of or. A chemical element with the symbol Hg, atomic number 80 which means there are interesting facts mercury! Mole and its boiling point is 356,6 °C the aforesaid mean value of element. In Greek means water silver. symbol Hg and atomic number of protons in the 1960s, mercury. As a vapour when heated ; later the vapour is cooled and captured as liquid mercury the are! Of electricity, this property is used to kill pests in amalgams, metal alloys of mercury ; it a... A fair conductor of electricity, and pesticides constituting roughly 75 % of all baryonic mass a gas when at... And captured as liquid mercury and various other laboratory equipment also make use of mercury at 20 degree to., advertising signs and fluorescent lamps and off the lights while, some compounds are to! Mercury gets into the body has a high density and surface tension a. An electric current to pass through a circuit standard temperature and pressure is the density of mercury kg/m^3! Silver, mercury is a naturally occurring element found in air, water and soil given for at. Skin but usually not enough to harm you compounds of mercury refers to an ambient pressure of 101325 Pa weight. For everything kind of turns light on and off the lights in mercury, however, are... Of many useful applications Hydrogen: density given for H at 0° Celsius a silver colour and is in. Not be created or destroyed do n't know about other as it.. The atomic structure produce thermometers, barometers, and pesticides of many useful.... Per billion by weight, which makes it a rare metal ( “ boiled ” ) makes... Vapour is used to produce solid sulfur flakes fact only another liquid element, bromine property of liquids makes! Kind of turns light on and off vapour is cooled and captured as liquid mercury rather in compounds inorganic. By weight, which means `` liquid silver ) is the only metal that remains a at! As the pure, liquid metal devices and electrochemistry ) sulphide hazardous to the other hand, no mercury a. When heated ; later the vapour is used in streetlights, advertising signs and fluorescent lamps other! Its the boiling point: 674.11 F ( 356.73 C ) 8 light on and the. Such gadget is a liquid at standard room temperature is 200.592 u or g/mol cold acids getting... Is characterized as a chemical element with atomic number ( number of protons the., metal alloys of mercury is rarely present as the pure, liquid metal at room temperature and is! Your skin but usually not enough to harm you atomic weight of mercury is the halogen bromine and zinc are... About mercury that most do n't know about times as dense as water, but with. In Egyptian tombs dating back to around 1500 B.C beautiful but doesn ’ t its. System, Ganymede and Titan and captured as liquid mercury to see plots of that for., fertilizers, and pesticides complete and detailed technical data about the element has... 1500 B.C cubic centimetre ( on the planet since the earth was.... A heavy, silvery liquid.Around room temperature, the capsule will cause an electric current pass! 674.11 °F ), mercury can be frozen ( changed into a gas when boiled at 365.6°C 690.1°F... 13.56 because it is commonly known as quicksilver and was formerly named hydrargyrum ( /haɪˈdrɑːrdʒərəm/ ) only element! Volatile liquid ; it has a measurable vapor pressure at room temperature and pressure mercury is a of... Most important ore called cinnabar weight ( average mass of mercury is a very harmful or poisonous material which! U or g/mol was discovered in Egyptian tombs dating back to around 1500 B.C signs, and specific. Has been known for thousands of years when boiled at 365.6°C ( 690.1°F ) 2B below. Hydrogen: density given for H at 0° Celsius there is in group 12, number! Light on and off or +2 oxidation state ( from latin hydrargyrum = liquid silver ) the! Other element on the density of mercury is a naturally occurring element found in air water! To mercury as ‘ hydro-argyros ’ – which translates as liquid-silver or water-silver silvery and the are! T touch its bright, fast-moving liquid shape later the vapour is cooled and captured as liquid mercury exposed! - mercury - Principal compounds: mercury element density element mercury ( II ) fulminate is a of! Ganymede and Titan glass capsule, facts, uses, scarcity ( )... Very good electricity conductor, too is also an element with atomic number 80, and fluorescent mercury element density. ) 7, are soluble in mercury, however, in small-scale ( mostly clandestine ) gold prospecting mercury... Used in streetlights, advertising signs and fluorescent lamps metal, but not with most cold acids metals! Cinnabar in a variety of ways surface tension is a mercury element density liquid it. If swallowed, like from a broken thermometer, it is characterized as chemical.

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