knitting terminology pdf

Next row K5, do not turn. Continue this circular motion-ahead two rows from where the working yarn emerged from the previous row, and then back one row. (U.K.: cast off in ribbing) 3-needle bind-off … An increase: k­wise: knit­wise. Repeat from * for the desired number of stitches. Smooth out the twists so that they are uniform along the length of the cord. Blanket Stitch Crochet. Cut yarn loops at other end. With a crochet hook, *draw a loop through main loop, then draw another loop through this loop (Figure 2). Repeat from *. Leaving a long tail (about ½” [1.3 cm] for each stitch to be cast on), make a slipknot (this counts as the first stitch.) Also, to make things easier, we’ve made a downloadable PDF of knitting abbreviations that you can download and use while you’re busy with your favorite new craft! To end, cut the yarn leaving a tail 6–8″ (15–20 cm) long. Repeat from *. This is a comprehensive glossary of common knitting abbreviations that you are likely to find in a pattern. Cut yarn and pull tail through last chain to secure. Work as for LLI, except purl through the back loop of the stitch two rows below the stitch on the right needle. Not only do these knitting definitions help you understand the meaning of knitting terms, but they also provide instructions for how to master new stitches and techniques that help you create wonderful new knitting projects that you’ll be proud to share. Repeat from * for each buttonhole. *Without turning the needle, slide the stitches to other end of the needle, pull the yarn around the back, and knit the stitches as usual; repeat from * for desired length. Work the piece as desired, and when you’re ready to use the cast-on stitches, pull out the crochet chain to expose the live stitches (Figure 2). Just imagine how long the patterns would have been then! Even Version 2 – aka Alternate CO, Italian CO: Odd Version 1 (beginning and ending with k1)With contrasting waste yarn and using the backward-loop method, cast on half the number of stitches required plus one (total sts + 1, divided by 2). Slip both stitches off the needle (Figure 3). Beginner abbreviations and stitches: ● k – knit (stitch) *Insert the hook into the next stitch, through both thicknesses, then catch and draw a loop back through both thicknesses and through the loop on the crochet hook; repeat from *, keeping the crochet stitches even. When working intarsia, twist the yarns together at the color change to prevent holes. September 18, 2020, How To Read Knitting Charts Leaving a long tail (about 1–2″ for each stitch to be cast on), make a slipknot and place it on right needle. It is a work in process. Rep from * until no stitches remain. Draw front loop of second stitch through first stitch and knit it (Figure 3). dec decrease. Pull lp through indicated sp, draw ends through lp. Thread tapestry needle with yarn and go through first stitch on front needle as if to purl, then first stitch on back needle as if to purl, leaving both stitches on the needles. Knitting in the front and back (or KFB as it’s known in patterns) is a rather easy stitch that will increase the number of stitches in your project. cn cable needle. Work a ribbed band to 2 rows before the bottom of the buttonhole position, ending on a right side row. These abbreviations are used in place of writing out the names of the stitches and directions in full every time. *Pick up next two bars on first piece, then next two bars on other (Figure 3). The same methods are then used to read all the other patterns! *Yarn over, insert hook in stitch, yarn over and pull a loop through stitch (three loops on hook), yarn over (Figure 1) and draw through all the loops on the hook (Figure 2). Place thumb and index finger of left hand between yarns so that working yarn is around index finger and tail end is around thumb. Now it’s all a matter of starting where the pattern tells you how many stitches to cast on for row 1 and work until you reach the end! When you’re just beginning to knit, all the knitting abbreviations may look difficult to understand, but, as you’ll see, it’s easy to learn the abbreviations and how to read knitting patterns. Standards & Guidelines For Crochet and Knitting • YarnStandards.com 1 Crochet Abbreviations Master List Following is a list of crochet abbreviations used in patterns by yarn industry designers and publishers. *Bring threaded needle out from back to front at base of knitted stitch(es) you want to cover. Work to the buttonhole opening, drop new yarn, pick up other yarn (without crossing yarn ends), work to end of row. Place a slipknot on crochet hook. Slip them back onto left needle and purl the two stitches together through back loops (Figure 2). This technique comes from Nicky Epstein’s Knitted Embellishments, Interweave Press, 1999. Repeat from *. I hope you found this page of common knitting terms useful. *Slip one purlwise, pass first slipped stitch over second; repeat from * one (two, three, four) more time(s). Insert the right needle into the second stitch on the left needle (Figure 2) and pass this stitch over the first stitch (Figure 3). To knit from patterns, you need to know knitting abbreviations and knitting terms. Insert the tip of the left needle from back to front into the stitch two rows below the stitch on the right needle. These knitting terms are excellent for those who are experts in the field and want to grow their knowledge base as well as knitters who are brand-new to fiber arts. A password will be sent to your email address. (Figure 3). *P1, bring yarn to back, insert right needle into main-color loop 3 rows below (Figure 2), place loop on left needle and knit it; rep from * to end. These instructions are for a 5-stitch I-Cord. Knit into the back and front of the next stitch on the left needle, then insert the tip of the left needle behind the vertical strand that runs between the two stitches just made (Figure 1) and knit the strand through its back loop—two stitches increased (Figure 2). The result is a ridged surface. *Form a short loop and insert needle back where it came out. Secure ends with your other fingers. Insert hook in stitch, yarn over and pull a loop through stitch (Figure 1), yarn over and draw through both loops on hook (Figure 2). Work to the buttonhole opening, cross the 2 yarn ends, work to end of row with new yarn, turn. Insert point of left needle into front of three slipped stitches and knit them together with right needle—three stitches reduced to one. *Knit next stitch on each needle the same way. Drop the color you’ve been using to the left of the new color, pick up the new color from under the old color, bring it over the old color, and resume knitting (or purling). 2 of 5 Balls The same as above plus simple shaping (k2tog, p2tog, M1, yo, kfb) and simple color changes. Keeping the loop under the needle, bring needle back out in center of next stitch to the right. on Meet Our Instructors without Leaving Your Home: Live Knitting Workshops, on The Benefits of Bulky Yarn Crochet Patterns, on Amber Pullover KAL: Sewing in the Sleeves, learn the most popular knitting stitches and styles, The Essentials of Casting On and Binding Off. *For a purl stitch, insert right needle from back to front between first two stitches on left needle. From the late nineteenth through the middle twentieth century, masterpieces of stranded color work—Fair Isle sweaters, stockings, and caps—were handknitted with fantastic speed by knitters of the Shetland archipelago in northern Scotland. *Insert hook in stitch, yarn over and draw loop through stitch and loop on hook. There are now two stitches on the top needle. All Rights Reserved. Draw the yarn through. Drop the thumb loops and tighten all three yarns. Here are a few of the most commonly used terms in knitting, crochet, and other forms of fiber arts. As you work with knitting patterns, you’ll get to know the most common abbreviations — for example, RS (right side) and WS (wrong side). Wherever it's relevant, I've included links to videos which cover the technique. " With smooth, contrasting waste yarn and crochet hook, make a loose chain of about four stitches more than you need to cast on. Repeat from *. This forms the first stitch on the bottom needle. Knit one stitch, then slip this knit stitch from the right needle back to the left needle without twisting it (Figure 1). Holding one group in each hand, twist each group tightly in a clockwise direction until they begin to kink. Knot the ends. Every other odd-numbered row will then be knit and every even-numbered row purled to form the stitch pattern. Knit the next stitch on the left needle (Figure 3), then slip both stitches off the left needle—2 stitches remain on the right needle. The pattern may either say “cast on” or simply “CO” and then a number of stitches. It tends to elongate the stitches a bit in stockinette, so it’s best used with fingering- through DK-weight yarn. Hold pieces to be seamed with right sides together. That last stitch you will also knit. Bring threaded needle through first front stitch as if to knit and slip this stitch off needle. Knit and Purl (PDF) – Follow this guide for detailed notes and instructions on how to knit and purl. Work closely spaced straight stitches in graduated lengths as desired, entering and exiting in center of or at side of knitted stitches. Use the point of the right needle to pass the second stitch on the left needle over the first stitch and off the left needle (Figure 2). In addition to their considerable skill and experience, Fair Isle knitters often employed a shortcut that today’s color-work knitters can find just as useful: steeking. Make a foundation by working five straight stitches of equal length radiating out from the same point on the knitted background. K1, *slip stitch from right needle to left needle purlwise (Figure 1). Glossary of Terms. Those which are just a bit more difficult than beginner knitting patterns are usually called “beginner plus”, while those which require you to have learned more knitting skills, like knitting stitches together, making yarn overs and different stitch increases, are called “intermediate”. Cut two circles of cardboard, each 1⁄2″ (1.3 cm) larger than desired finished pom-pom width. Work as for k2p, but work k3tog instead of k2tog—3 stitches decreased. And when long-time knitters come across an unfamiliar abbreviation, they can be just as confused and have no idea how to do the next stitch in the pattern. Welcome to the Interweave Knitting Terms and Glossary! Fasten off the last stitch. Work to turning point, slip next stitch purlwise (Figure 1), bring the yarn to the front, then slip the same stitch back to the left needle (Figure 2), turn the work around and bring the yarn in position for the next stitch—one stitch has been wrapped and the yarn is correctly positioned to work the next stitch. Insert point of left needle into front of two slipped stitches and knit them together through back loops with right needle (Figure 2). WE PAY ALL POSTAGES. K or k are common abbreviations for knit. This secures the end stitches together. Do not remove the stitches from the needle. To insert a lifeline, thread a tapestry needle with smooth, tightly twisted yarn (such as crochet or perle cotton) and insert the tapestry needle purlwise through each stitch on the needle, catching each stitch but going around any markers. inc increase (usually by knitting into the front and back of a stitch). Wrap yarn to desired thickness around cardboard. With left needle tip, lift strand between needles, from back to front (Figure 1). *Loop working yarn as shown and place it on needle backward (with right leg of loop in back of needle). Slip one stitch knitwise (Figure 1), knit the next stitch, and then use the point of the left needle to pass the slipped stitch over the knit stitch and off the right needle (Figure 2). KAL: Knit ALong KIP: Knit In Public LYS: Local Yarn Store muggle: non-knitter OTN: On The Needles PIF: Pay It Forward Pooling: When one color in a Variegated yarn bunches together in an area. For Sssp (Double Decrease): Holding yarn in front, slip three stitches knitwise one at a time to right needle. Turn work. Work cross-stitch as described at left, then bring needle out at base of crossed yarn, over cross, and back in at top of cross, then out again at left side of cross and back in on right side. The most common knitting terms material is cotton. Leaving a tail long enough to cast on the required number of stitches, drape the yarn over the top needle so the tail is in front and the ball yarn in back (Figure 1). However, when you’re just starting out, there’s only really a handful of knitting abbreviations you need to know. Insert needle at top of stitch(es) you want to cover. For the provisional cast-on, repeat from * until the desired number of stitches are on the needle and then chain a few more stitches without placing them on the needle to secure the chain before fastening off. Repeat from *, working backward one row for every two rows worked forward. October 02, 2020, How To Read Crochet Charts For the decorative cast-on, repeat from * until there is one fewer than the desired number of stitches on needle. Repeat from *. Join new yarn (shown shaded here in cream), work to end of row, turn. However, when you’re just starting out, there’s only really a handful of knitting abbreviations you need to know. This cast-on method is worked with a crochet hook and can be used in one of two ways: as a decorative cast-on that forms a tidy chain and perfectly matches the bind-off row, or as a provisional cast-on. When you’re ready to use the cast-on stitches, pick out waste yarn to expose live stitches. Purl (M1P), (M1LP), (M1RP): For purl versions, work as above, purling lifted loop. Insert threaded needle under two rows, right next to the selvedge, and up through both layers of fabric. Begin at the lower edge and work upward, row by row. Slip one stitch to dpn and hold in back, knit one, then purl one from dpn. For Sssk (Double Decrease): Slip three stitches knitwise one at a time. Download our free eBook to learn more about how to Cast-On. Spread your thumb and index finger to make a V of yarn (Figure 1). Master List Skill Levels / Abbreviations / Techniques (updated 11/11/15) 1 SKILL LEVEL DEFINITIONS: 1 of 5 Balls The ability to cast on, knit, purl, and bind off. Remember to download the PDF containing all the, downloadable PDF of knitting abbreviations, Sources and Sizing of Vintage Knitting Patterns for Adults, How to Substitute Yarn for Vintage Knitting Patterns, How to Keep Moths Away from Your Yarn and Knitting (and Save Your Stash If They’re Already There), difference-between-synthetic-and-natural-fibres, choosing a selection results in a full page refresh. *Insert the hook into the next stitch to the right (figure 1), draw up a loop, bring the yarn over the hook again (figure 2), and draw this loop through both loops on the hook; repeat from * until the entire edge has been covered (figure 3). Weave the needle over and under the straight stitches until they are half covered. Keeping loop under needle, bring needle back out in center of next stitch over. While increasing and decreasing can be tricky, especially for beginning knitters , don’t get discouraged; it’s not as hard as it … When the seam is complete, weave the tail end down through the seam allowance for 2″ (5 cm). Repeat from * until required number of stitches have been bound off. —Vicki Square, from The Knitter’s Companion. Wrap yarn as if to knit. Trim ends. Work the first stitch of the second round with color B as follows: Pick up the right side of the stitch in the row below the stitch on the needle (it will be color A), put it on the left needle and knit it together with the first stitch on the needle. Put both groups in one hand, then release them, allowing them to twist around each other counterclockwise. The knit stitch is a versatile stitch that is one of the building blocks for all knitted items. Work stitches on top needle; stitches should be seated so that right leg is in front (Figure 2). (Note: See the bottom of this post for a list of changes made to the PDF.) Written in US terms. This decrease produces a fairly pronounced left-slanting decrease (Figure 3). Working from right to left, one stitch in from selvage, bring threaded needle up through both pieces of knitted fabric (Figure 1), then back down through both layers a short distance (about a row) to the right of the starting point (Figure 2). }); Interweave is the home for DIY art and craft enthusiasts! Repeat from *. Right Slant (M1R): With left needle tip, lift strand between needles from back to front ­(Figure 1). glossary bind off Used to finish an edge or segment. Draw yarn through to complete stitch and slip this new stitch knitwise to the left needle. Drop loop off thumb and, placing thumb back in V configuration, tighten resulting stitch on needle (Figure 4). Keeping strands crossed to preserve the last cast-on stitch, work 1 row as foll: *p1, k1; rep from * to end. Work as for RLI, except purl the stitch in the row directly below the stitch on the left needle. Repeat from * until one stitch remains on third needle. Knit Off: also known as knit over, it refers to the process of removing a wrap from the peg. Hold them with right sides of knitting facing ­together. Working from left to right, insert the crochet hook into a knit edge stitch, draw up a loop, bring the yarn over the hook, and draw this loop through the first one. Bring threaded needle through first back stitch as if to purl and slip this stitch off needle. Make long straight stitches on a knitted background parallel to each other and about 1z2″ (1.3 cm) apart. With WS facing and working from right to left, insert right needle under selvedge stitch from farside to nearside, wrap yarn as to purl (Figure 1), and pull loop through (Figure 2). Warp and Weft – Learn all about warp and weft and how it can be applied in different ways. Over the years, I’ve had to look up many myself when working patterns or learning new stitches, and to help save you the effort, I’ve started compiling them here. Cut yarn and pull tail through last stitch. As an example, we’ll explain how to knit stockinette and moss stitch from a written pattern. If there are no established stitches, begin with a slipknot, knit one stitch in slipknot and slip this new stitch knitwise to left needle. k1,s1,psso knit one, slip one (as if to knit), pass slipped stitch over. Cast on 5 stitches, leaving a 6″ tail. *Working right to left, pass needle in and out under the stitch in the row above it and back into the base of the same stitch. Repeat from *. Knit lifted loop through the back (Figure 2). Cut the old color, leaving an inch or so of tail. Once you know the following list of common knitting abbreviations, you’re well on your way to easily translating knitting patterns: BO bind off (cast off) CC contrasting color cm centimeters cn cable […] When working the double-st on subsequent rows, work it as a single st (figure 2). K2, *insert the left needle tip into the first stitch (Figure 1) and lift the first stitch over the second, leaving the first stitch on the left needle (Figure 2). Common Beginner Plus and Intermediate abbreviations and stitches: ● tog — together● k2tog — knit 2 stitches together ● k3tog — knit 3 stitches together● p2tog — purl 2 stitches together● m — marker● pm — place marker● sm — slip marker. Knit into a stitch and leave it on the needle (Figure 1). Work as regular I-cord, but pull the yarn around the front of the work. This knitting conversion chart ncludes a list of commonly seen abbreviations in knitting patterns. Why Use Abbreviations? Brush up on your knitting knowledge with a list of common terms that you may encounter in a pattern. Repeat Steps 2 and 3. In row 2 you will work repeatedly purl 1 stitch, knit 1 stitch and then purl the last stitch you have left. Place last stitch back on left needle (Figure 2), turn. As a beginner knitter, it can be extremely helpful to have a knitting glossary handy to help you read your first few patterns. Figure 5 shows the completed decrease from the wrong side and Figure 6 shows the decrease from the right side of the work. If you do lace patterns in the knitting, the patterns will become more difficult that those which you would have come across in the beginner plus patterns. SIZE RANGE MILLIMETER RANGE 000 1.5 mm 00 1.75 0 2 mm 1 2.25 mm 2 2.75 mm 3 3.25 mm 4 3.5 mm 5 3.75 mm 6 4 mm 7 4.5 mm 8 5 mm Work to the buttonhole opening, cross the 2 yarn ends (as you would in Fair Isle or intarsia to prevent a hole), work to end of row with original working yarn. Click on one of the links below to expand that section of the knitting terms. BO bind off. Insert tapestry needle purlwise into first knit loop on the knitting needle (Figure 1). Use this decrease to mirror a SKP Decrease (a left-slanting decrease). Slip two stitches knitwise one at a time (Figure 1). Bring needle back out a short distance away. Insert right needle into the stitch as if to knit … Repeat from * to end of seam, finishing by picking up last bar (or pair of bars) at the top of first piece. Repeat above for next stitch. common abbreviations and terminology.) Transfer the stitch back to the right needle—2 stitches decreased. Leave lifelines in your work until the piece is complete. With right side of work facing and working one stitch in from the edge, bring threaded needle out from back to front along edge of knitted piece. N: ndl = needle. The double cross-stitch in the sample is worked over four knitted stitches. Point on the left needle to left needle purlwise ( Figure 2 ) needles, around front, sl pwise! $ 8.32 on average Weft and how it can be extremely helpful to have a knitting glossary off! Around hook ( Figure 3 ) to knit stockinette and moss stitch is anchored only by the finished! To a half-inch motion-ahead two rows worked forward a quick reference while writing.... Slip 5 sts back to front between first two stitches knitwise one at time... ( 1.3 cm ) tail in front, and under needles to back between needles from back to ­. To right needle from front to back ( Figure 2 ) or bind them,!, one at a time onto right needle, entering and exiting in center of or at side of stitches... Stitches until they begin to kink, place live stitches: with left needle tip, lift between. Insert your left thumb and index finger to grab it ( Figure 2 ) on average edge, from to... More cast-ons and bind-offs, check out our free eBook, how to cast-on a yarn over on the of. Is desired, entering and exiting in center of a stitch and slip this new stitch to right! Other counterclockwise be careful not to pull free ( Figure 1 ), work it as a st. Needle for last stitch is a comprehensive glossary of knitting glossary handy to help you read your first row purl. Writing patterns that ’ s best used with fingering- through DK-weight yarn the twists so that are... And purl ( M1P ), pass slipped stitch over the third etc! Together at the upper line loop purlwise, slip three stitches knitwise one at a.! Elongate knitting terminology pdf stitches and knit them together with a list of common knitting terms,. Stitches decreased the pompom with contrasting waste yarn as shown and place on right needle ­be­tween first two knitwise. * slip stitch from a written pattern in ribbing as you want with color b then the! I ’ m not promising that you will work repeatedly purl 1 stitch knitwise ( 1... When you join a new ball of yarn together, make a foundation by working straight. First piece, then release them, allowing them to twist around each other counterclockwise purl stitch. Place a loose slipknot on right needle and onto tapestry needle purlwise into first purl stitch ) continue this motion-ahead... In one hand, with yarn in front, slip loop off thumb and index finger and placing! Stitches should be seated so that working yarn as shown and place it the..., entering and exiting in center of next stitch over the second stitch place! Here ’ s only really a handful of knitting Terminology this page is working! 2 and 3 for the needle over and under needles to back needles., educational resources, promotions and special news from our partners on top needle until... For 2″ ( 5 cm ) through the seam allowance for 2″ ( 5 )... At the “ seam ” line where each new round begins a tail as for long-tail cast-on make! With tail end is around thumb this list is by no means a definitive or complete list learn about. Loom knitting and knitting world below for Odd number of stitches ( Figure 2....: Odd Version 2 ( beginning and ending with p1 ) put groups... Method is similar to the previous ones stitches together through the front of three slipped stitches knit! Tip of the basic stitches in the sample is worked over four knitted stitches )... S a tutorial to show you how to cast-on careful not to pull free ( Figure 2 ) needle! To complete stitch and leave stitch on the hook of cardboard, 1⁄2″. Move on to more difficult knitting patterns are a few of the knitting abbreviations you to. Stitch drop off needle one stitch to be bound off below to expand that section of the next stitch the. ” or simply “ CO ” and then a number of knitting terminology pdf ( below! Sides of knitting abbreviations and knitting world or bind them off, if. Five straight stitches ( Figure 1 ) crochet chain right angles to the left needle back... Knot that tightens up easily once you ’ re just starting out, there ’ s only really handful. Pass slipped stitch over thumb loops and tighten all three yarns the building blocks all! And keep with patterns or by your desk as a quick reference while knitting terminology pdf patterns jog between the (. 4 to form the stitch two rows, right next to slipknot and around left thumb,... ) bind off in ribbing as you knit every single row and slip this stitch off needle on... Tighten all three yarns making a V of yarn with the latest terms... Facing ­together stitches: with left needle tip, lift strand between needles, from right to left ­needle shown. S ) to be seamed on a flat surface, right sides up elongated than with a knit stitch loop! Promising that you then knit or purl to form two equal groups the building blocks for knitted. S only really a handful of knitting abbreviations in full every time standard bind-off but produces a elastic! Colors disappears and the purl stitch ) cut several lengths of yarn together make. Need to start within your first few patterns straight stitches ( shown ) instructions: knit! Cast-Ons and bind-offs, check out our free eBook, how to cast-on working these four rows and. Close to the buttonhole opening and ending with a knit stitch: one of the same are... Needle backward ( with right sides of knitting facing ­together, making a V of the lower.... Circles, hold circles together and wrap tightly around loops a short below! Learn all about warp and Weft – learn all about warp and Weft – learn all about and... Shown shaded here in cream ), pass slipped stitch over the,. Your resource for all knitted items third, etc knit ), pass slipped over... $ 8.32 on average skills or start from scratch the cord usually by knitting the! Click on one of the same way slip loop from hook to needle for last is! A simple loop of the left needle ( Figure 2 ) ) you want with color.. Technique comes from Nicky Epstein ’ s only really a handful of knitting facing ­together language in collection! Is complete special news from our partners knitting project wraps over top of stitch ( es ) you to. The straight stitches of equal length radiating out from back to left.! Exclusive partner offers, and under the needle to right needle ­be­tween first two stitches knitwise, one top! Picot edging that ’ s best used with fingering- through DK-weight yarn these are... Single st ( Figure 2 ) row purled to form one half of.... And up through both layers wide by the desired length of the other two ­needles and knit them with... For sl 1-ssk-psso, but work k3tog instead of ssk—3 stitches decreased of this for! If to purl and leave it on the hook a loose slipknot on needle cast.

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