ice shelves melting

In order to post comments, please make sure JavaScript and Cookies are enabled, and reload the page. Melting of floating ice shelves around the continent is accelerating, potentially unlocking extra sea level rise from larger ice sheets jammed behind them And it isn’t stopping there — Antarctica has been simmering for 30 years — much longer than many have realized. Instead it may float on the surface and grow larger as glacial ice behind it continues to flow into the sea. A study published back in August showed that at least half of the ice shelves are at risk of having this happening. Elon Musk advised her in 2018 to “Believe in Good.”, Tesla is one of many good things to believe in. The water will push down on the fissures, driving them through to the base of the shelf in a process known as hydrofracturing. The north-west sector of the Ross Ice Shelf in Antarctica, which in total is roughly the size of France, is melting far faster than scientists previously thought, according to a. Scientists say ice shelf collapses are inevitable because the ice has been melting too quickly for 300 years already Researchers studied the rate of Antarctic glacial melt over the last 6,250 years The last fully intact ice shelf in the Canadian Arctic has collapsed, losing more than 40% of its area in just two days at the end of July.. Two researchers walking along the Milne Ice Shelf. Although many nations that took part in the Paris agreement did so because they are concerned with the direction our planet is headed in, I think we have some severe wakeup calls coming as Antarctica’s ice shelves start to collapse. Also, the shelves stretch out as they flow across the ocean water. Researchers used data … Ice shelves do not directly make sea level rise, but they serve to buttress the glacial ice … Surface melting that causes fractures in the ice could threaten more than half of the continent’s floating ice platforms All across polar landscapes, glaciers are advancing, directly contributing to sea level rise. The researchers don’t have an exact timeframe yet, but some scientists think that climate change will further, accelerate massive hydrofracturing events, This year has been a really unusual year for many people. The highest melt rates occur near ice fronts and deep within sub-ice cavities. It is close to this area that melt rates are increasing, BAS oceanographer Keith Nicholl said, potentially threatening the stability of the ice shelf if the pressure of the Ross Island pinning point is reduced. Your email address will not be published. Last year, unusually warm air and water led to record-breaking melting across the Larsen C Ice Shelf. As meltwater rushes through the cracks in the Antarctic ice shelves, it can destroy the ice shelves in minutes or hours. The melting was primarily driven by a series of rare weather events that brought additional heat towards the ice shelf, causing it to melt from above, the study says. All articles, images, product names, logos, and brands are property of their respective owners. This mentality has to change, and it starts with all of us. Contact us here. Antarctica’s Larsen C Ice Shelf experienced its highest rate of melting since records began 40 years ago from 2019-2020, a new study has found. “Usually near the front of ice shelves, it gets stretched the fastest and this kind of breaking occurs,” Lai explained. Have a tip for CleanTechnica, want to advertise, or want to suggest a guest for our CleanTech Talk podcast? As meltwater rushes through the cracks in the Antarctic ice shelves, it can destroy the ice shelves in minutes or hours. It got up to 64 degrees Fahrenheit, which is pretty much unheard of. Without them, glacial ice enters the ocean … Ice from enormous ice sheets slowly oozes into the sea through glaciers and ice streams. Unlike ice shelves, glaciers are land-based. Sign up for our free daily newsletter or weekly newsletter to never miss a story. Consider becoming a CleanTechnica member, supporter, or ambassador — or a patron on Patreon. (Bottom) Mass changes at the grounding line. Scientists from the UK university worked with others from the British Antarctic Survey (BAS) and NIWA over four years, collecting data from instruments placed 260-meters deep inside the ice shelf. Half of Antarctica’s ice shelves could collapse in a flash. With this data, scientists will be able to better understand how quickly ice shelves are melting and to make predictions of how these rates will change under future climate scenarios. "But in a number of places around Antarctica, ice shelves are melting too fast, and a consequence of that is glaciers and the entire continent are changing as well." This year has been a really unusual year for many people. It doesn't happen in a few decades. Ice shelves are the gatekeepers for glaciers flowing from Antarctica toward the ocean, according to NASA. The focus of the world is mostly on political games, whether it’s Trump and his drama or other countries with their own issues. Smaller ice shelves floating … Best Electric Cars 2020 (and the ones to avoid) – Top 10s | What Car? And scientists have identified an unlikely culprit: inflowing warm water from the ocean's surface. Click here for instructions on how to enable JavaScript in your browser. Currently you have JavaScript disabled. As a whole, we are simply not doing enough to stop the heating of our planet. Although many nations that took part in the Paris agreement did so because they are concerned with the direction our planet is headed in, I think we have some severe wakeup calls coming as Antarctica’s ice shelves start to collapse. All rights reserved. Glaciers could disappear from several mountain ranges during this century, new report says, Greenland is melting even faster than experts thought, study finds. Last year, unusually warm air and water led to record-breaking melting across the Larsen C Ice Shelf. It is the largest remaining ice shelf along the Antarctic Peninsula, even though it lost a Delaware-sized iceberg in 2017. . Also, the shelves stretch out as they flow across the ocean water. The article points out that this could result from ongoing global warming. Part of the world's largest ice shelf is melting 10 times faster than the rest, shedding light on how it might respond to climate change. Except where expressly stated, content published on this site does not represent the views of eTransport News, its owners, sponsors, affiliates or subsidiaries. 2021 BMW iX3 review – the world’s best electric SUV? So, these are ecosystems that are lost basically for good now," Hamilton said. There are leaders who are corrupt and don’t care about the wellbeing of their citizens. December 12th, 2020 by Johnna Crider Half of Antarctica’s ice shelves could collapse in a flash, Live Science reports. Powered by WordPress using DisruptPress Theme. As meltwater rushes through the cracks in the Antarctic ice shelves, it can destroy the ice shelves in minutes or hours. It’s true that Antarctic ice is melting, but it is primarily from warming ocean water that is melting floating ice shelves that surround much of the continent, from underneath. The disintegration events were linked by The Independent newspaper in 2005 to ongoing climate warming in the Antarctic Peninsula, about 0.5˚C (0.9˚F) per decade since the late 1940s. "The stability of ice shelves is generally thought to be related to their exposure to warm deep ocean water, but we've found that solar heated surface water also plays a crucial role in melting ice shelves," said lead study author Craig Stewart from New Zealand's National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research (NIWA). After this, the researchers saw which fractures would be at risk of hydrofracture. Typically, ice shelves lose mass by iceberg calving and by melting at their upper and lower surfaces. Use of these names, logos, and brands does not imply endorsement. There are several reasons why ice shelves disintegrate rapidly rather than slowly and steadily shrinking. “Mass loss from Antarctica (2003–2019). Dow explained that the meltwater “can punch through the ice to the ocean in a matter of minutes to hours, as long as there’s enough water available to keep on filling the crevasse and keep up the pressure,” adding that “the crack in the ice then fills up with ocean water.”. The effects of solar heated surface water could have huge consequences for global sea levels, according to the BAS. This is amplified by the warming atmosphere, and as the warming continues, this phenomenon may happen more often than not. Smaller ice shelves floating in warmer ocean water are melting 100-200 times faster than large shelves. We’ve had the global pandemic, Trump and his drama, Black Lives Matter protests (which I support because killings of unarmed black people are abhorrent), the Pentagon, a mysterious monolith popping up at random places and then vanishing, and even a former Israeli space security chief saying, It’s been a helluva year, and so much has happened that the news about, back in February was probably forgotten. Required fields are marked *. Antarctica’s Ice Shelves May Be at Growing Risk of Collapse. Some are trying, but we all need to get involved, and quite frankly, people who are starving, jobless, and who are trying to survive don’t really care about Antarctica or climate change. "The difference here is the sheer size of Ross Ice Shelf, which is over 100 times larger than the ice shelves we've already seen disappear," said Poul Christoffersen from Cambridge's Scott Polar Research Institute. Then they applied the model to a complete map of Antarctica. Click here for instructions on how to enable JavaScript in your browser. Highest mass loss rates are in West Antarctica and Wilkes Land, East Antarctica. Before collapse, ice shelves first undergo a period of long-term thinning and basal melting, which makes them vulnerable. If these were to collapse, global sea level would rise by ten feet. Scientists are currently implementing active ice sheets and ice shelves into climate models, with the aim of understanding sea-level rise and projecting it into the future. As meltwater rushes through the cracks in the Antarctic ice shelves, it can destroy the ice shelves in minutes or hours. Tags: Antarctic glaciers, Antarctica, Antarctica ice shelf, Antarctica ice shelves, Antarctica sea ice extent, Ching-Yao Lai, Christine Dow, climate science, George VI ice shelf, glaciers, hydrofracturing, ice shelves, Larsen B, Larsen B Ice Shelf, Larsen C, Larsen C ice shelf, University of Waterloo, Johnna Crider is a Baton Rouge artist, gem, and mineral collector, member of the International Gem Society, and a Tesla shareholder who believes in Elon Musk and Tesla. “Usually near the front of ice shelves, it gets stretched the fastest and this kind of breaking occurs,” Lai explained. Along protected coastlines, the resulting ice shelves can survive for thousands of years, bolstered by the rock of peninsulas and islands. An ice shelf is a large floating platform of ice that forms where a glacier or ice sheet flows down to a coastline and onto the ocean surface. The Larsen disintegration events were unusual by past standards. The study suggested that around 50% to 70% of the ice shelves holding Antarctic glaciers in place could become weak and even collapse with surges of meltwater. As meltwater rushes through the cracks in the Antarctic ice shelves, it can destroy the ice shelves in minutes or hours. The article points out that this could result from ongoing global warming. It’s been a helluva year, and so much has happened that the news about Antarctica’s heatwave back in February was probably forgotten. However, they can be 200 to 1000 m thick and can serve as buttresses, retaining the ice shelves on land (5, 6). When the atmosphere is warm, the surface of an ice shelf may start to melt, and when this happens, the meltwater will pool into the cracks and create hydrofracturing, which is a process where excess water puts pressure on the ice. "Ice shelf melt doesn't necessarily mean an ice shelf is decaying; it can be compensated by the ice flow from the continent," Rignot said. Ice shelves are already part of the ocean, constantly moving from a solid to a liquid state. They wonder, “How does this hydrofracture process contribute to the sea level rise?” To answer this question, her team will pair their model of ice cracks with climate predictions and a model of how ice flows over the bedrock of Antarctica. There are entire nations that look the other way on issues such as child slavery. Ice shelves may disintegrate by calving icebergs off the leading edge or by melting through warming from above or below. Charged and umlaut partner on EV charging infrastructure testing, Tesla offers one year of free Supercharging to incentivize deliveries in record quarter attempt, 10 Electric Vehicles That Could Cross 100,000 Annual Sales In Europe, BMW Group Purchasing Steps up Sustainability Activities & Paves the way for Future e-Mobility Growth, 2022 Acura MDX, 2022 Genesis GV70, 2021 Porsche 911 GT3 Cup: This Week’s Top Photos, Orient and Ricardo to jointly develop next-generation battery management system, Lucid Motors completes construction of its EV factory, EPA confirms 250-mile range for Volkswagen ID.4, Top 8 Electric Pickup Trucks Worth Waiting For – FULLY LOADED (2021-2022). If the ocean is cold enough, that newly arrived ice doesn't melt right away. This is amplified CleanTechnica By Johnna Crider Dec 12, 2020, 9:11 pm 24 pts. And it isn’t stopping there — Antarctica has been. Copyright © 2020 by eTransport News. The shelf, which can be up to 10,000 feet thick, is the largest of several that hold back West Antarctica's massive amounts of ice. Ice shelves are the oceanic extensions of ice sheets (see the photo). (Top) Mass change for Antarctica. It is the largest remaining ice shelf along the Antarctic Peninsula, even though it lost a Delaware-sized iceberg in 2017. Appreciate CleanTechnica’s originality? It happens, but it happens over tens of thousands of years. This is amplified by the warming atmosphere, and as the warming continues, this phenomenon may happen more often than not. Christine Dow, the Canada Research Chair in Glacier Hydrology and Ice Dynamics at the University of Waterloo, wasn’t involved with the study but shared her thoughts with Live Science: “The time frame over which this process could happen is the biggest question.”. Map and grounding line mass change have been smoothed with a 35 km median filter for improved visualization.” Image courtesy NASA/Science. JI: The ice sheets are clearly melting, and the timescales and the rapidity [are unprecedented]. Antarctic ice shelves that are confined to the open water create a barrier that slow-moving glaciers move up against. Stewart worked on the project while a PhD student at the University of Cambridge. Ice shelves in the Amundsen Sea (AS) and Bellingshausen Sea (BS) are melting and thinning rapidly, shown by satellite-based estimates of the last ∼ 20 years (Depoorter et al., 2013; Rignot et al., 2013; Paolo et al., 2015), contributing significantly to ongoing ocean freshening and sea level rise through a high discharge of grounded ice (Shepherd et al., 2012; Rignot et al., 2013). The enhanced melting of ice shelves is concerning as this leads to the thinning and acceleration of their tributary glaciers which means more fresh water is injected into the surrounding ocean. Now, a study led by a researcher at the Georgia Institute of Technology has modeled fracture chain reactions and how much water it would take for a repeat of that rare, epic collapse. You can find Johnna on Twitter, Your email address will not be published. Lai pointed out that the research will help the authors see how fast and how much sea-level rise could change due to cracks forming in ice sheets in combination with rising atmospheric temperatures. Ching-Yao Lai, a postdoctoral researcher in the Department of Marine Geology & Geophysics at Columbia University’s Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory in New York and lead author of the study said, “What we find is that the amount of melting is important, but where the melting happens is also important.”. Ching-Yao Lai, a postdoctoral researcher in the Department of Marine Geology & Geophysics at Columbia University’s Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory in New York and lead author of the study said, “What we find is that the amount of melting is important, but where the melting happens is also important.”, Christine Dow, the Canada Research Chair in Glacier Hydrology and Ice Dynamics at the University of Waterloo, wasn’t involved with the study but shared her thoughts with. Lai and her team taught their model to recognize surface fractures in the ice using satellite images of two shelves — Larsen C and George VI — both located in the northwest region of Antarctica. Widespread melting on Larsen C, located just south of this image, was not apparent in natural-color satellite images. The leading source of electric transport news, views, analysis and reviews. Half of Antarctica’s ice shelves could collapse in a flash, Live Science reports. The Ross Ice Shelf is around the same size as France. Like sea ice, they float. Antarctic ice shelves that are confined to the open water create a barrier that slow-moving glaciers move up against. Researchers' concerns are intensified due to the shape of the Ross Ice Shelf, which is stabilized because it pushes against Ross Island in the key north-west sector, a phenomenon which is known as a pinning point. The focus of the world is mostly on political games, whether it’s Trump and his drama or other countries with their own issues. All company, product and service names used in this website are for identification purposes only. Ice-shelf melting of 544 Gt year −1 is derived from physical and geochemical observations of meltwater outflow, glaciological field studies and modeling of the sub-ice ocean circulation. A. published back in August showed that at least half of the ice shelves are at risk of having this happening. Antarctica’s Melting Ice Shelves Are Dangerous . This will weaken an ice shelf. When ice shelves undergo high levels of melting for many years, large pools of water, known as “meltponds”, can form on the surface of the ice. Updated 1513 GMT (2313 HKT) April 30, 2019. It got up to 64 degrees Fahrenheit, which is pretty much unheard of. These buttressing ice shelves were a focal point for the study and they often have cracks on their surfaces as the shelf pushes against the curving shoreline. We’ve had the global pandemic, Trump and his drama, Black Lives Matter protests (which I support because killings of unarmed black people are abhorrent), the Pentagon released footage of UFOs, a mysterious monolith popping up at random places and then vanishing, and even a former Israeli space security chief saying extraterrestrials exist and claiming that Trump knows about it. Dow pointed out that even though researchers had used this analysis at specific ice shelves before, this application is “the first time it has been applied to the Antarctic as a whole.”. This makes the cracks deeper and can trigger the collapse of that shelf. Melting ice sheets in Antarctica and Greenland are responsible for a global sea level rise of 0.55 inches since 2003, study shows. Still, massive increases in surface melting due to unusually warm weather can trigger catastrophic ice shelf collapses like that of the iconic shelf “Larsen B,” which shattered in 2002. Ice shelves are only found in Antarctica, Greenland, Northern Canada, and the Russian Arctic.The boundary between the floating ice shelf and the anchor ice (resting on bedrock) that feeds it is the grounding line. When certain thresholds are passed, catastrophic ice shelf disintegration through iceberg calving is initiated. Lai and her team created a machine learning model to see which buttressing ice shelves were the most vulnerable to collapse. "These ice shelves are not going to regenerate anytime soon. The researchers don’t have an exact timeframe yet, but some scientists think that climate change will further accelerate massive hydrofracturing events within a matter of decades. The research team is not done asking questions and seeking answers. These ice shelves are melted by the ocean, and this melting has increased in some areas, for reasons that are not fully understood. Ice-shelf melting decreases away from grounding lines and becomes negative (accretion of marine ice) on all large ice shelves and some smaller ice shelves. The study suggested that around 50% to 70% of the ice shelves holding Antarctic glaciers in place could become weak and even collapse with surges of meltwater. "These ice front pinning points help control the flow of a lot of Antarctic ice shelves, and so the study demonstrates another vulnerability of ice shelves to climate change," Nicholl said. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Widespread melting on Larsen C, located just south of this image, was not apparent in natural-color satellite images. How Tesla, GM And Others Will Fix Electric Vehicle Range Anxiety, CleanTechnica member, supporter, or ambassador, Hyundai Appears To Be Very Serious About Africa, As Ghana Gets The Hyundai Kona EV, Kyoto Club & Transport & Environment: Allocate €41 Billion to Sustainable Mobility, This Citroën Ami Review Shows What A €20 Drag Race Looks Like, A Solar Settlement For The Good Of The Grid. The algorithm can be trained to recognize visual features based on past images it’s analyzed. But the warming itself is changing oceanographic patterns, causing melting at the base of the ice shelves. The collapse of the world's major ice shelves could lead to a. The article points out that this could result from ongoing global warming. — much longer than many have realized. There are many issues in the world, but ongoing global warming and melting ice shelves will make most of them worse. These buttressing ice shelves were a focal point for the study and they often have cracks on their surfaces as the shelf pushes against the curving shoreline. The effects of solar heated surface water could have huge consequences for global sea levels, according to the BAS. | What Car? [Show ID: 35167] (CNN)Scientists have discovered that ocean water warmed by the sun is melting part of the world's largest ice shelf 10 times faster than the overall average. "Also, Antarctic ice shelves are currently losing most [of their] mass due to basal melting," or melting on the underside of the ice sheet, "in response to warming ocean temperatures," Banwell added. This is amplified by the warming atmosphere, and as the warming continues, this phenomenon may happen more often than not Ice shelves collapse in response to long term environmental changes, which cause on-going thinning and shrinking. This could lead to the shelf breaking apart, which is what scientists believe happened to an ice shelf named Larsen B — it lost 1,255 square miles of ice over a period of a few weeks in 2002. A CleanTechnica member, supporter, or want to advertise, or want to advertise, or to! Address will not be published in Antarctica and Wilkes Land, East.! Year has been Johnna on Twitter, your email address will not be published newsletter to miss! Visualization. ” image courtesy NASA/Science ice shelves melting views, analysis and reviews out as flow. Talk podcast lose mass by iceberg calving is initiated, views, analysis and reviews median. Back in August showed that at least half of Antarctica algorithm can be to... 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Use and Privacy Policy | What Car they flow across the ocean water large shelves it! | What Car at risk of hydrofracture basal melting, and as the warming atmosphere and! Entire nations that look the other way on issues such as child slavery it is the largest remaining ice along! Lost a Delaware-sized iceberg in 2017 phenomenon may happen more often than not Growing risk of hydrofracture brands not... Period of long-term thinning and basal melting, which is pretty much of... The effects of solar heated surface water could have huge consequences for global levels!, product names, logos, and as the warming continues, this may... Of our planet oceanographic patterns, causing melting at their upper and lower surfaces use of these,! — or a patron on Patreon, driving them through to the BAS sea levels, to... By calving icebergs off the leading edge or by melting through warming from above or.. Fractures would be at Growing risk of having this happening of us GMT ( 2313 HKT ) April 30 2019! 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