Henry acknowledged being the father of more than twenty bastards but was determined to have an legitimate heir. Upon the accession of Henry I in 1100, following his brother William's death while hunting, the English King quickly proposed marriage to Matilda, who possessed the Anglo-Saxon royal blood, which the Norman dynasty largely lacked. He married Queen Matilda of Boulogne whose European clothing influenced fashion. She lived to see her daughter become Holy Roman Empress, but died two years before her son's drowning. Both her marriages were in furtherance of Henry I’s policy of strengthening Normandy against France. This competition is now closed. He was the son of King Henry I and a grandson of William The Conqueror. I hope you enjoy their story. , Acting as regent of England during her husband's frequent absences for military campaigns in Normandy and France, Matilda was the designated head of King Henry's curia. Matilda's father, King Henry I of England, died in 1135. She was the mother of ten children who survived to adulthood, including two kings, William II and Henry I. , Like her mother, Matilda was renowned for her devotion to the poor, building public lavatories at Queenhithe and a bathhouse with piped-in water. Saint Matilda was born about 895, the daughter of a German count. Normandy had been in her husband’s possession since 1144, and she retired there in 1148, remaining near Rouen to watch over the interests to her eldest son, who became duke of Normandy in 1150 and King Henry II of England in 1154. Edith testified that she had never taken holy vows, insisting that her parents had sent her to England for educational purposes and her aunt had veiled her to protect her "from the lust of the Normans. Following Queen Matilda’s death in 1118 CE, Henry married his second wife, Adeliza, the daughter of Godfrey VII, Count of Louvain (l. 1060-1139 CE) who was crowned queen in 1121 CE. Shortly afterwards, the orphan princess was abandoned by her betrothed, who ran off with a daughter of Harold Godwinson, Gunhild of Wessex.  The inscription on her tomb reads: "Here lies the renowned queen Matilda the second, excelling both young and old of her day. As Queen of England, Matilda embarked on several building projects for transportation and health, took a role in government as mediator to the Church, and led a literary court. She came nearest to success in the summer of 1141, after Stephen had been captured at Lincoln in February. Historian Helen Castor explores how Matilda, daughter of Henry I, came tantalisingly close to becoming England's first female king. But Stephen soon allowed her to join her brother, who had gone to the west country, where she had much support; after a stay at Bristol, she settled at Gloucester. " She was remembered by her subjects as Mathilda bona regina and for a time sainthood was sought for her, though she was never canonized. Legacy Henry I was a skillful, intelligent monarch who achieved peace in England, relative stability in Normandy, and notable administrative advances on both sides of the Channel. Matilda was born in 1102, the daughter of Henry I, King of England. Maud died September 11, 1167.  She exhibited a particular interest in leprosy, founding at least two leper hospitals, including the institution that later became the parish church of St Giles-in-the-Fields. Saint Mathilda or Saint Matilda (c. 895 – March 14 968) was the wife of Henry I, King of the East Franks and the first ruler of the Ottonian or Liudolfing dynasty. However, he died before they could be married.. Queen Matilda Sections.  During his reign, Stephen of Blois insisted that Queen Matilda had in fact been a nun and that her daughter, Empress Matilda, was therefore not a legitimate successor to the English throne. Additionally, King Henry made numerous grants to the Queen, including substantial property in London, a political move made in order to win over the unruly Londoners who were vehement supporters of the Wessex Kings. Soon after their marriage, Henry became king of Germany. According to Wilton Abbey's traditions in the 1140s, her aunt ordered her to take the veil in order to protect her from the lust of William II of England, which angered her father because of the effect it might have on her prospects of marriage. There was a distinct emphasis on the sleeves of the garments Henry V was crowned Holy Roman Emperor in 1117 at Worms. Date: 11 Nov 1100 His Age: 32 Her Age: 22 Place: Westminster Abbey, London, England Offspring: +0 Euphemia (daughter of King Henry I) Jul 1101 - About Jul 1101 +3 Matilda (Empress Matilda) 7 Feb 1102 - 10 Sep 1167 Henry died on 1 December 1135 CE at Saint Denis-le-Fermont in Rouen, Normandy. Her well-known escape from Oxford Castle over the frozen River Thames took place in December 1142. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Henry I 1068-1135, king, fourth son of William the Conqueror and Matilda, was born, it is said, at Selby in Yorkshire (Monasticon, iii. Matilda marries Geoffrey Plantagent; Queen of England; King Henry II; Primary Sources; Student Activities; References; Matilda, the daughter of Henry I and Matilda of Scotland, was born at Sutton Courtenay on 7th February, 1102. She was for everyone the benchmark of morals and the ornament of life. Shortly afterwards, possibly due to the messy succession conflict began in Scotland between her uncle Donald III, her half-brother Duncan II and her brother Edgar.  In 1097, Edgar assumed the throne. Matilda of Ringelheim (c. 892 – 14 March 968), also known as Saint Matilda, was a Saxon noblewoman. Matilda’s mother Adela was the daughter of King Robert of France, sister of King Henry, Robert’s son. Matilda of Scotland (originally christened Edith,[a] 1080 – 1 May 1118), also known as Good Queen Maud or Matilda of Blessed Memory, was Queen of England and Duchess of Normandy as the first wife of King Henry I. Further reading: “The Empress Matilda: Queen Consort, Queen Mother and Lady of the English” by Margery Chibnall, “Henry I” … Empress Matilda, daughter of Henry I: a queen in a king’s world. In 1031, Matilda was born into the House of Flanders. She was known as a patron of the arts, especially music. She went on travels around England and probably visited Normandy circa 1106–1107.. Matilda, Saint, Queen of Germany, wife of King Henry I (The Fowler), b. at the Villa of Engern in Westphalia, about 895; d. at Quedlinburg, March 14, 968.She was brought up at the monastery of Erfurt. Matilda was born on or about February 7, 1102, as the daughter of Henry I ("Henry Longshanks" or "Henry Beauclerc"), the Duke of Normandy and King of England. Henry died of cancer on on 23 May 1125 after which the 23 year old Matilda returned to her father in England. Crucially, the king did not leave a recognised male heir (alth… Edith had left the monastery by 1093, when Archbishop Anselm of Canterbury wrote to the Bishop of Salisbury, ordering that "the daughter of the late King of Scotland be returned to the monastery that she had left". Mathilde founded several spiritual institutions and women's convents. English Queen Matilda of Flanders was present at the baptismal font and served as her godmother. In 1114 she was married to Henry V; he died in 1125, leaving her childless, and three years later she was married to Geoffrey Plantagenet, effectively count of Anjou. She refused proposals from William de Warenne, 2nd Earl of Surrey, and Alan Rufus, Lord of Richmond. 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